We can consider the Sun to be a satellite of the Milky Way. The Sun revolves around the center of the Milky Way with a radius of 8 kpc. The period of revolution is 230 million years. What is the mass of the Milky Way?

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# Circular Motion

# A motion of a Conical Pendulum

A ball is attached to a string and swung so that it travels in a horizontal circle.

Suddenly the angular velocity is increased. Will the angle with the vertical increase, decrease or stay the same? Justify your answer.

# A ball is attached to a string and swung so that it travels in a horizontal circle

A ball of mass 0.2 kg is attached to a massless string 1 m long and swung so that it travels in a horizontal circle of radius 0.5 m.

a) Draw a free-body diagram.

b) Find the force of tension in the string as the ball swings in a horizontal circle.

c) Find the period of the ball’s motion.

# A car moves around a curved banked road

A curved road is banked at an angle β, and there is no friction between the road and the car’s tires. The road has a radius of curvature of 50 m.

A car has a speed of 90 km/h.

Find angle β.

# The car passes over the top of a convex bridge

A car has a mass of 1500 kg and travels with a speed of 5 m/s. The car passes over the top of a convex bridge that has a radius of curvature equal to 10 m. What is the force of the bridge on the car as it passes over the top?

# To determine the acceleration due to gravity by means of a conical pendulum

A student conducted an experiment to measure the acceleration of gravity. He used a conical pendulum. The conical pendulum is a string with a bob (weight) that revolves around an axis through its point of suspension.

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# A geostationary satellite

A geostationary satellite is a satellite in geostationary orbit, with an orbital period the same as the Earth’s rotation period. The geostationary orbit is a circular orbit directly above the Earth’s equator.

How high above the Earth’s surface must the geostationary satellite be placed into orbit?