To determine the acceleration due to gravity by means of a conical pendulum

ExpConPenA student conducted an experiment to measure the acceleration of gravity. He used a conical pendulum. The conical pendulum is a string with a bob (weight) that revolves around an axis through its point of suspension.
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A string around the Earth’s equator


Place a string around the Earth’s equator and pull it snug. Add a length of one meter to the string and push it away from the equator an equidistant amount. What is the largest animal, from the list below, that would now be able to walk under the string?

Flea Mouse Dachshund Calf Horse Elephant
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A block and a triangular wedge move together

Problem20_2A block of mass m and a triangular wedge of mass M move together without slipping due to a pulling force F. The triangular wedge has a slope α. There is no friction between any pair of surfaces. Derive an equation of pulling force.

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What will be needed in order to restore the balance if necessary?

scale1kgiceYou have a beam balance, the kind of scales that tips from one side to the other, depending on the weight on each side. On the left side lies a kilogram of ice. On the right side lies the standard kilogram. The pans are in balance.
After a while all the ice melted.
Does the balance tip to the right, to the left, or does it remain unchanged?
What will be needed in order to restore the balance if necessary?

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Jar of Flies

jar-of-fliesA scientist weighs a jar of sleeping flies. Then, he shakes the jar to wake them up. While flies are flying in a closed jar, the scientist weighs the jar again. Does the jar weigh less when the flies are flying?

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Why are wet things darker?


When something gets wet, it usually appears darker. Why?
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A ball is thrown vertically upwards

A ball is thrown from ground level vertically upwards with an initial velocity of vi. Draw a velocity-time graph of the ball’s motion. Consider collisions with the ground are absolutely elastic and neglect air resistance.

Image By Michael Maggs Edit by Richard Bartz – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
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