A 15 kg block is firmly attached to a very light horizontal spring (k = 550 N/m) and resting on a smooth horizontal table. Suddenly it is struck horizontally by a 3 kg stone travelling with a velocity of 8 m/s to the right, whereupon the stone rebounds at 2 m/s to the left. Find the maximum distance that the block will compress the spring after the collision.
The diagram shows an approximate orbit of a planet X around a star S.
Which of the following statements is false?
(a) The planet moves in an ellipse with the star at one focus.
(b) The planet moves at the same speed at points A and C.
(c) The planet moves fastest at point D.
(d) The potential energy of the planet changes during the orbit.